What is Artificial Intelligence or AI?

Artificial Intelligence or AI is the intelligence displayed by machines as opposed to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and other animals. The research of artificial intelligence in computer science is considered the study of "smart agents". A smart agent is any plant that tries to achieve its goal by looking at its environment. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is applied when a machine mimics the "cognitive" functions of humans. Andreas Kaplan and Michael Haenlein regard artificial intelligence as "the ability to properly interpret external data of a system, learn from such data, and use those learning to accomplish specific goals and tasks through convenient conversion". Let's define. This task combines with "learning" and "problem-solving". Artificial intelligence is the intelligence offered on the computer. The human also wants to do the work of thinking, analyzing, and memorizing the machine in place of his brain.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science that develops machines and software with intelligence. In 1955 John McCarthy named its artificial intelligence and defined it as "it is to make intelligent machines of science and engineering". The goals of artificial intelligence research include reasoning, knowledge planning, learning, perception, and the ability to manipulate objects, and more. Currently, statistical methods, computational intelligence, and traditional intelligence are included to reach this goal. Artificial intelligence claims so much that a central property of human intelligence can be emulated by a machine. There were questions about the ethics of making philosophical issues creatures. But today, it has become the most important and indispensable part of the technology industry.

The scope of artificial intelligence (AI) is disputed: as machines are becoming increasingly efficient, tasks that were previously thought to require intelligence are no longer covered by "artificial intelligence". For example, machines have become so capable of recognizing written words, that it is no longer considered intelligent. Nowadays, the tasks that come under the purview of AI are to understand human speech, to drive a vehicle on its own without human support, even more than humans who are experts in chess or "go" games.

Birth of Artificial intelligence or AI

In 1956 John McCarthy was an American scientist. He addressed the gathering at the Dartmouth Conference with two of his colleagues, Claude Shannon and Nathan Rochester of IBM. John McCarthy named the first Artificial Intelligence to the world. And that every aspect of learning or any other feature of intelligence can be described so accurately that a machine can be made to emulate it. That is why AI artificial intelligence was born in 1956.

Scientists started studying artificial intelligence in 1956. There were waves of optimism throughout its history, then disappointment with failure, and then new ways that arouse hope. For most of its history, AI research has been divided into subfields that often fail to communicate with each other. These subfields are based on technical considerations, such as specific goals (such as "robotics" or "machine learning"), specialized tools ("logic" or "neural networks"), or deep elemental differences. Sub-fields are also based on social factors (such as the work of private institutions or private researchers).

Goals of artificial intelligence or AI

Traditional problems (or goals) of AI research include reasoning, knowledge representation, planning, learning, language understanding, perception, and the ability to use objects efficiently. Intelligence like a human is one of the long term goals of the region. To solve this problem, scientists have adopted statistical methods and traditional "symbolic" methods. The fields of Computer Science, Mathematics, Psychology, Linguistics, Elementology and many more have gone to AI Science.

This scientific field was founded on the notion that human intelligence can be "so accurately described that it can be made a machine to imitate". It raises questions about the nature of the mind and the ethics of creating artificial beings with human-like intelligence, which have been discovered by fiction since ancient times. Some consider artificial intelligence (AI) to be a threat to humanity if it progresses unnecessarily. Others believe that AI, unlike previous technological revolutions, would pose a threat of mass unemployment.

Use of Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer science, which is being used by almost all types of companies today. It is being used extensively in other fields such as medicine, business, education, law, and manufacturing. There is no area of ​​human life left in which artificial intelligence is not used, from running a very complex system, preparing new medicines, finding new chemicals, from the mining industry to space science, and from Share Market to Insurance.

Types of Artificial Intelligence

Today Artificial Intelligence is used in all fields. The time to come is really going to be AI. Artificial Intelligence is divided into two parts.

1. Narrow Artificial Intelligence

Also called weak, narrow, or Week AI, this type of artificial intelligence performs a limited function. It is not as intelligent as it already has its feedback set in the machine so that it sounds smart. Narrow AI often focuses on doing the same task very well. For example - computer games.

2. Strong Artificial Intelligence

It is also called Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) or Strong Intelligence. Strong AI is a machine with General Intelligence and just like a human being, it can apply that intelligence to solve any problem. It can easily perform complex tasks. This shows that the machine can also act like a human.